SAMOYED (SAMOEDSKAIA SABAKA)
Northern Russia and Siberia.
Nordic Countries / NKU.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD:
Sledge- and companion dog.
Group 5 Spitz and primitive types. Section 1.2 Nordic
sledge dogs. Without working trial.
The name Samoyed derives from the Samoyed Tribes in Northern
Russia and Siberia. In Southern parts of the area they used
white, black and brown parti-coloured dogs as reindeer herders;
in the northern parts the dogs were pure white, had a mild
temperament and were used as hunting- and sledge dogs. The
Samoyed dogs lived close to their owners, they even slept
within the shelters and were used as heaters. The British
zoologist Ernest Kilburn Scott spent three months among
Samoyed Tribes in 1889. Returning to England he brought with
him a brown male puppy called "Sabarka". Later he
imported a cream coloured bitch called "Whitey Petchora"
from the western side of the Urals and a snow white male
called "Musti" from Siberia. These few dogs and
those brought by the explorers are the base for the western
Samoyed. The first standard was written in England in 1909.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: Medium in size, elegant,
a white Arctic Spitz. In appearance gives the impression of
power, endurance, charm, suppleness, dignity and
self-confidence. The expression, the so-called "Samoyed
Smile", is made up of a combination of eye shape and
position, and the slightly curved up corners of the mouth. The
sex should be clearly stamped.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: The length of the body
is approximately 5% more than the height at the withers. The
depth of the body is slightly less than the half of the height
at the withers. The muzzle is approximately as long as the
BEHAVIOUR AND TEMPERAMENT: Friendly, open,
alert and lively. The hunting instinct is very slight. Never
shy nor aggressive. Very social and cannot be used as guard
HEAD: Powerful and wedge-shaped.
CRANIAL REGION: Viewed from the front and in profile
only slightly convex. Broadest between the ears.
Stop: Clearly defined but not too prominent. Slightly visible
furrow between the eyes.
Nose: Well developed, preferably black. During some
periods of the year the pigment of the nose can fade to a so
called "winter nose"; there must however always be
dark pigment at the edges of the nose.
Muzzle: Strong and deep, approximately as long as the
skull, gradually tapering towards the nose, neither snipey nor
heavy and square. The bridge of the nose is straight.
Lips: Close fitting, black and rather full. The corners
of the mouth are slightly curved forming the characteristic
Jaws/Teeth/Bite: Regular and complete scissor bite. The
teeth and the jaws are strong. Normal dentition.
Eyes: Dark brown in colour, well-set in the sockets,
placed rather apart, somewhat slanting and almond-shaped. The
expression is "smiling", kind, alert and intelligent.
The eyerims are black.
Ears: Erect, rather small, thick, triangular and
slightly rounded at the tips. They should be mobile, set high;
due to the broad skull well apart.
NECK: Strong and of medium length with a proud
BODY: Slightly longer than the height at the withers,
deep and compact but supple.
Withers: Clearly defined.
Back: Of medium length, muscular and straight; in
females slightly longer than in males.
Loin: Short, very strong and defined.
Croup: Full, strong, muscular and slightly sloping.
Chest: Broad, deep and long, reaching almost to the
elbows. The ribs are well sprung.
Underline: Moderate tuck-up.
TAIL: Set rather high. When the dog is alert and in
motion the tail is carried bent from the root forward over the
back or side, but may be hanging at rest, then reaching to the
General appearance: Well placed and muscular with
strong bones. Viewed from the front straight and parallel.
Shoulder: Long, firm and sloping.
Upper arm: Oblique and close to the body. Approximately
as long as the shoulder.
Elbow: Close to the body.
Carpus: Strong but supple.
Metacarpus (Pastern): Slightly oblique.
Feet: Oval with long toes, flexible and pointing
straight forward. Toes arched and not too tightly knit.
General appearance: Viewed from behind straight and
parallel with very strong muscles.
Upper thigh: Of medium length, rather broad and
muscular.Stifle: Well angulated.
Hocks: Rather low and well angulated.
Metatarsus: Short, strong, vertical and parallel.
Feet: As front feet. The dewclaws should be removed.
GAIT: Powerful, free and tireless in appearance with
long stride. Good reach in the forequarters and good driving
power in the hindquarters.
HAIR: Profuse, thick, flexible and dense polar coat.
The Samoyed is a double-coated dog with short, soft and dense
undercoat and longer, more harsh and straight outer coat. The
coat should form a ruff around the neck and shoulders framing
the head, especially in males. On head and on front of legs,
hair is short and smooth; on outside of ears short, standing
off and smooth. Inside the ears should be well furred. On back
of the thighs the hair forms trousers. There should be a
protective growth of hair between the toes. The tail should be
profusely covered with hair. The coat of the female is often
shorter and softer in texture than that of the male. The
correct coat texture should always have a special glistening
COLOUR: Pure white, cream or white with biscuit. (The
basic colour to be white with a few biscuit markings.) Should
never give the impression of being pale brown.
Height at withers: Ideal height: male 57 cm with a tolerance
of +/-3 cm and females 53 cm with a tolerance of +/-3 cm.
FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points
should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which
the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to
- Visible faults in structure.
- Light bone.
- Males not masculine and females not feminine.
- Pincer bite.
- Yellow eyes.
- Soft ears.
- Barrel ribcage.
- Double twisted tail.
- Low on the legs.
- Badly bow-legged or cow hocked.
- Wavy or short coated throughout, long, soft or coat
Clearly unpigmented areas on eyerims or lips.
- Eyes blue or of different colours.
- Overshot or undershot bite.
- Ears not erect.
- Coat colour other than permitted in the standard.
- Shy or aggressive disposition.
N.B.: Male animals should have two apparently normal
testicles fully descended into the scrotum